DEFINITIONS

Adult – a household member aged 18 or older (as at 1 January of the reference year) who is not a dependent child.

Adult and child(ren) – household consisting of one adult and at least one dependent child.

Below upper secondary education – less than primary education, primary education, basic education, vocational education for youngsters without basic education.

Couple aged 64 and less without children – household consisting of two members, both aged 64 or less.

Couple without children, at least one partner is aged over 64 – household consisting of two adults, at least one of them aged 65 or over.

Couple with one child – household consisting of two adults and one dependent child.

Couple with three or more children – household consisting of two adults and at least three dependent children.

Couple with two children – household consisting of two adults and two dependent children.

Dependent child – a household member aged 0–17 (as at 1 January of the reference year) or a household member aged 18-24 who is economically inactive and living with at least one parent.

Disposable (net) income a sum of income from wage labour, benefits and losses from self-employment, property income, social transfers, regular inter-household cash transfers received and receipts for tax adjustment of which inter-household cash transfers paid, taxes on wealth and repayments for tax adjustment have been subtracted.

Equalised income — total household income, which is divided by a sum of equivalence scales of all household members.

Equivalence scale – a weight designated to a household member depending on his/her age to reflect the joint consumption of a household.

High but not maximal work intensity in a household – designates a situation where the work intensity of a household is greater than 0.5 but lower than 1.

Household a group of persons living in the common main dwelling (at the same address), who share joint financial and/or food resources and whose members consider themselves to belong to the same household. Household can also consist of one member only.

Household with children – household where there is at least one dependent child.

Household without children – household where there are no dependent children.

Income decile – one tenth of the population ordered by monthly disposable income. The first or the lowest decile contains one tenth of the population receiving the lowest income, the second decile contains the next tenth and so on.

Income from self-employment – income from registered or unregistered self-employment and production for own use.

Income from wage labour – earnings received from employment and holiday compensations without income tax.

Income quintile one fifth of the population ordered by equalised yearly disposable income. The first or the lowest quintile contains one fifth of the population receiving the lowest income, the second quintile contains the next fifth and so on. (Upper limits of quintiles are in the table IM24.)

Low but not minimal work intensity in a household – designates a situation where the work intensity of a household is greater than 0 but lower or equal to 0.5.

Maximal work intensity in a household – designates a situation where the work intensity of a household is 1.

Minimal work intensity in a household – designates a situation where the work intensity of a household is 0.

Non-monetary income – non-monetary incomes from wage labour (goods and services received as an income in kind or cut price).

Other income – income tax returned.

Partial work intensity in a household – designates a situation where the work intensity of a household is greater than 0 but lower than 1.

Property income – income from rental of a property or land; interest, dividends, profit from capital investments.

Rural settlements – small towns and villages.

Single person aged over 64 – household consisting of one person aged 65 or more.

Single person aged under 65 – household consisting of one person aged 64 or less.

Tertiary education – professional secondary education based on secondary education, higher education, Master's and Doctor's degree.

Transfers payments made by collectively organised schemes, government or local authorities with the intension to relieve the households or persons from the financial burden of a number of risks; regular inter-household cash transfer received.

Upper secondary education – vocational training based on based education, general secondary education, vocational secondary education based on basic education, professional secondary education based on basic education, vocational secondary education based on secondary education.

Urban settlements – cities, cities without municipal status and towns.

Work intensity in a household – the total number of months spent by working age household members (aged 16–64) in employment or self-employment during income reference period relative to the maximum number of months the household members could have spent in employment or self-employment. The indicator ranges from zero (no working age member worked) to one (all working age members worked throughout the income reference period). Dependent children are not counted as working age household members.

METHODOLOGY

Statistics are calculated on the basis of the Estonian Social Survey data, from 2012 onwards partially registry data (Tax and Customs Board, Unemployment Insurance Fund, Health Insurance Fund, Social Insurance Board). Social Survey is a sample survey designed to obtain comparative and reliable statistics on income distribution, living conditions and social exclusion at European level. All Member States and a few countries not belonging to the EU are involved in the survey. Statistics Estonia runs the survey since the year 2004; pilot surveys were organized in the period 2002–2003.

All households living permanently in Estonia are considered as the surveyed population. Persons living in institutional households (children’s homes, care homes, convents) are excluded. All published estimates have been calculated for the total population (or for the population of a respective region). The size of respective populations has been determined on the basis of the estimated total population provided by Statistics Estonia. Due to rounding and missing values, the column sums are not always equal with the total; the difference may be up to some last decimal places.

Sampling is carried through among the records of the Population Register, whereas the sampling frame consists of people 14 years old and older. The sampling of persons is carried out by geographically stratified systematic sampling procedure, i.e. independent sub-samples are drawn separately from the non-overlapping subpopulations called strata. Each person is included with his or her household and all members of this household aged 15 or more are interviewed.

Each household is to be interviewed four times, the rotation period is 12 months, whereas every year part of the sample is replaced. Thus, during the year the survey is cross-sectional which guarantees higher accuracy of estimates while using the given sample size. The interviews carried out with households in four consecutive years will allow getting more precise estimates of changes occurred over the years.

Sampling weights are inverses of inclusion probabilities. To compensate for the non-response and frame errors the weights are corrected using post-stratification. Additionally, the weights are calibrated on demographic data in order to assure the correspondence of certain estimates with other data sources. To ease the analysis, single missing values are imputed.

CLASSIFICATIONS

Statistical Classification of Regional Units of Estonia

The regional division used is based on the Statistical Classification of Regional Units of Estonia. The data are published by the following regions:

EE001

Northern Estonia

Harju county

EE004

Western Estonia

Hiiu, Lääne, Pärnu and Saare counties

EE006

Central Estonia

Järva, Lääne-Viru and Rapla counties

EE007

Northeastern Estonia

Ida-Viru county

EE008

Southern Estonia

Jõgeva, Põlva, Tartu, Valga, Viljandi and Võru counties

 

MORE DATA

Sissetulek ja elamistingimused. Income and Living Conditions. Analytical publication

Eesti sotsiaaluuring. Metoodikakogumik.The Estonian Social Survey. Methodological Report

CONTACT PERSON

Tiiu-Liisa Rummo

Methodology and Analysis Department

Tel +372 625 8425

tiiu-liisa.rummo@stat.ee

Updated:  13.05.2015