Abortion – termination (spontaneous or induced) of pregnancy.

Abortions ratio – annual number of abortions per live births.

Age – the age of the person concerned in full years at the time of the event, i.e. the age at last birthday.

Date of occurrence of vital event – the exact date when the event occurred, which does not depend on the date of registration of the event. Annual tabulations based on date of occurrence of the vital event include also the events that occurred in December but are registered in January.

Ethnic nationality – the data are based on self-determination. The ethnic nationality of the mother is taken as a basis for determining the ethnic nationality of the child.

Legal abortion – the legal termination of the pregnancy at the pregnant woman’s own wish.

Legally induced abortion (or medical abortion) – divides into legal and therapeutic abortion.

Live birth – delivery of live-born child, i.e. a child showing evidence of life irrespective of the duration of pregnancy.

Mean annual population – half the sum number of the population at the beginning and at the end of the year.

Place of residence – the area or settlement in which the person resides according to his/her statement or according to the Population Register (depending on the methodology of the survey).

Rural settlements – small towns and villages.

Therapeutic abortion – the termination of pregnancy on medical indications.

Urban settlements – cities, cities without municipal status and towns.


The basis for data collection is an abortion card that is filled for each termination (spontaneous or induced) of pregnancy at a medical institution. The abortion card does not include the patient’s personal identification number. Data providers for the Estonian Abortion Register include all medical institutions (including private physicians) that perform abortions and provide medical care for women with terminated pregnancies in the Republic of Estonia.

See more information on abortion on the web site of the National Institute for Health Development:


Classification of Estonian administrative units and settlements (EHAK)

Until 1999 the administrative division, on which the spatial distribution of the population was based, was almost the same as during the 1989 Census, except in Ida-Viru county. The distribution of the population and vital events by urban and rural areas observed the administrative division. The urban areas included all cities and towns and rural areas included rural municipalities.

Since 1996 some small towns and cities joined with neighbouring rural municipalities. Therefore it is not possible to present time-series data by valid administrative division about population location and population events by territorial distribution. Instead of population and population events distribution by urban and rural areas the distribution is therefore presented as urban and rural settlements. Urban settlements include cities, cities without municipal status and towns; rural settlements include small towns and villages.

List of classifications:

Statistical Classification of Regional Units of Estonia (EPS)
based on Nomenclature of Territorial Units of Statistics (NUTS)

According to NUTS level 3 Estonia is divided into 5 regions. These regions are the following:

EE001 Põhja-Eesti Harju maakond
EE004 Lääne-Eesti Hiiu, Lääne, Pärnu ja Saare maakond
EE006 Kesk-Eesti Järva, Lääne-Viru ja Rapla maakond
EE007 Kirde-Eesti Ida-Viru maakond
EE008 Lõuna-Eesti Jõgeva, Põlva, Tartu, Valga, Viljandi ja Võru maakond


Rahvastik. Population. Yearbook (published until 2007)

Eesti statistika aastaraamat. Statistical Yearbook of Estonia


Alis Tammur
Methodology and Analysis Department
Tel +372 625 8481

Updated: 16.08.2017